The question remains: What determinants led one undisciplined, unprepared, divided American country to prevail end the world"s biggest empire?

Despite the dominance of the British marine in the 18th century, the early american naval forces won plenty of battles. This photo depicts the marine engagement that July 7, 1777, in between the American frigates Hancock, Boston, and also HMS Fox, and also the brothers frigates Flora and also Rainbow.

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British Strengths and also American Weaknesses

The British appeared unbeatable. Throughout the previous 100 years, the british had took pleasure in triumph ~ triumph over nations as an effective as France and also Spain. At an initial glance, the odds were plainly against the Americans. A closer look provides insight into how the underdogs emerged victorious.


Britain"s armed forces was the finest in the world. Your soldiers were well equipped, fine disciplined, fine paid, and well fed. The british navy conquered the seas. Funds to be much much more easily increased by the realm than through the continent Congress.

Some the those funds were provided to rental Hessian mercenaries come fight the Americans.

... And the Hessians, that are permitted to it is in the finest of the German troops, room by no means equal to the brother in any type of respect. I think them steady, however their slowness is that the best disadvantage in a country nearly covered v woods, and against an foe whose chef qualification is agility in to run from fence to fence and also thence keeping up one irregular, yet galling fire top top troops who advance with the very same pace together at your exercise. Light infantry accustomed come fight indigenous tree come tree, or charge even in woods; and Grenadiers that after the an initial fire lose no time in loading again, however rush on, trusting totally to that many decisive of weapons the bayonet, will ever be superior to any troops the Rebels have the right to bring against them. Such room the British, and also such the technique of fighting which has actually been attend with constant success ....

– sublievenant W. Hale, letter come unknown receiver (March 23, 1778)


The Americans had tremendous challenge raising sufficient funds come purchase simple supplies for their troops, including shoes and blankets. The British had actually a win tradition. Around one in 5 Americans open favored the Crown, through about half of the populace hoping to protect against the problem altogether. Most Indian people sided v Britain, who promised defense of defect lands.

American Strengths and British Weaknesses

Although American troops might not have had the army force and also economic base that their brother rivals had, they did think strongly in their fight for freedom and liberty. The continental Congress adopted this "Stars and also Stripes" together its official flag top top June 14, 1777.

On the other hand, the american had many intangible advantages.

The British battled a war far from home. Military orders, troops, and also supplies occasionally took month to reach your destinations. The British had an extremely challenging objective. They had actually to persuade the americans to give up their claims of independence. As long as the battle continued, the colonists" insurance claim continued to get validity. The geographic vastness that the nests proved a hindrance come the british effort. Regardless of occupying every major city, the British remained as in ~ a disadvantage.

Americans had a grand cause: fighting for their rights, your independence and also their liberty. This cause is much more just than waging a battle to deny independence. American military and also political leaders to be inexperienced, yet proved how amazing competent.

The war was expensive and also the British population debated that necessity. In Parliament, over there were numerous American sympathizers. Finally, the alliance with the French gave Americans courage and also a tangible danger that tipped the scale in America"s favor.


Sons that the transformation in California
Spend some quality time in ~ this sons of the transformation in California website and uncover some amazing facts and also figures the the American Revolution. Although the doesn"t reveal the strengths and weaknesses of one of two people side, the website does walk into good detail on many other facets of the war. The finest place to start is the "Battles" link. Click on any kind of year in the chronology bring up a complete list that the war of that year and the dates they take it place. The "Casualties the the Revolutionary War" link (also under the "Battles" link) provides a comprehensive list of the dead and wounded indigenous both the American and British forces. And also all this is just one link! various other links encompass "Flag History" and "Colonial Uniforms."
Uniforms of the American Revolution
Forget around strengths and weaknesses! i m sorry side was the ideal dressed?

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Are you a jaunty or a daddy? execute you sit in the cad"s corner and dodge Pompey? Read more about British naval slang and terms in 1775 to find out.Learn More...

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The continental Navy had actually only 31 ships when the Colonies claimed their freedom from brothers in 1776.Learn More...

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