The Civil legal rights Act of 1866, 14 Stat. 27-30, spreading April 9, 1866, to be the very first United states federal regulation to specify US citizenship and affirmed the all citizens were equally defended by the law. The was largely intended to defend the civil rights of African-Americans, in the wake up of the American polite War.

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The Civil rights Act that 1875 (18 Stat. 335-337), sometimes referred to as Enforcement action or pressure Act, was a United claims federal regulation enacted throughout the repair Era that guaranteed African american equal treatment in publicly accommodations, publicly transportation, and also prohibited exclusion from jury service.
American financier and also railroad developer who, together with James Fisk, test to corner the gold market in 1869
1872, This was a fraudulent construction company created to take the profits of the Union Pacific Railroad. Using federal government funds for the railroad, the Union Pacific directors gave padded building and construction contracts to conference members
Political "boss" in new York City the ran the Tammany room Ring until his arrest in 1871; despite corrupt, he and also other bosses brought structure and necessary solutions to communities.
group the corrupt and manipulating political leaders which emerged during the provide administration, reasons Grant to shed credibility with Reformers
Granting favors or offering contracts or do appointments to office in return because that political support
A famous caricaturist and also editorial cartoonist in the 19th century and also is taken into consideration to be the dad of American politics cartooning. His artwork to be primarily based upon political corruption. The helped people realize the corruption of some politicians
An American editor that a top newspaper, a founder that the Republican party, reformer and politician He assisted support reform movements and also anti-slavery initiatives through his new York Tribune newspaper
The scare of 1873 was a financial crisis that motivated a depression in Europe and also North America that lasted from 1873 until 1879, and also even much longer in some countries.
Name because that Union paper money no backed by gold or silver. Value would fluctuate depending on status the the battle (plural)
Largely former slave owners that were the bitterest enemies of the Republican regimen in the South. Staged a significant counterrevolution come "redeem" the southern by taking earlier southern state governments. Their foundation rested on the idea the racism and also white supremacy. Redeemer federal governments waged and aggressive assault on african Americans.
withdrew union soldiers from south, attacked spoils system;Republican candidate who won the presidential election of 1876
Hayes" opponent in the 1876 presidential race, he was the democratic nominee who had obtained fame for putting Boss Tweed behind bars. He gathered 184 that the vital 185 electoral votes.

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Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2) appoint Democrat to cabinet (David vital postmaster general), 3) commonwealth money for railroad construction and also levees ~ above Mississippi river
(Dec. 1863) authorize by Lincoln: available full pardon to Southerners that would take oath that allegiance to the Union and acknowledge emancipation
1864 suggest far more demanding and also stringent terms because that reconstruction; required 50% of the voter of a state to take it the loyalty oath and also permitted just non-confederates to poll for a brand-new state constitution; Lincoln refuse to sign the bill, bag vetoing the after congress adjourned.
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