Which of the following terms means insufficient sodium in the blood?a. hypercalcemiab. hyponatremiac. hyperkalemiad. hypoglycemia


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Which of the following statements regarding endocrine glands in NOT true?a. the endocrine system is instrumental in maintain homeostasisb. the endocrine system is a collection of glandsc. endocrine glands secrete hormones into ductsd. hormones are chemicals that act on their target organs
Which of the following pairs is mismatched?a. cortisol - regulates carbohydrate metabolismb. aldosterone - regulates sodium levelsc. androgens - female sex hormonesd. epinephrine - critical during emergency situations
Which of the following hormones is responsible for regulating carbohydrate metabolism in the body?a. cortisolb. aldosteronec. epinephrined. thyroxine
Which of the following hormones is critical in emergency situations?a. cortisolb. aldosteronec. epinephrined. thyroxine
Which of the following statements regarding insulin is NOT true?a. insulin reduces blood sugar levelsb. insulin stimulates the cells of the body to take in glucose from the bloodstreamc. insulin is secreted by the alpha cells of the pancreasd. insulin is most active after you have eaten a meal
Which of the following statements regarding glucagon is NOT true?a. glucagon is secreted by the alpha cells of the pancreasb. glucagon has an effect opposite that of insulin on blood sugar levelc. glucagon is released when the body needs more sugard. glucagon works through the liver to lower blood glucose levels
Which of the following statements regarding the pineal gland or its hormone is NOT true?a. the pineal gland is found in the hypothalamus region of the brainb. the pineal gland secretes melatoninc. melatonin regulates the body"s circadian rhythmd. the body"s circadian rhythm is its 24-hour clock
Which of the following statements regarding the thymus or its hormone is NOT true?a. the thymus secretes thymosinb. thymosin is important for proper development of the immune systemc. at puberty, the thymus gland begins to shrinkd. the thymus gland is located in the mediastinum just below the heart
Which of the following terms refers to the condition in which the body tissues contain excessive amounts of fluid?a. edemab. exophthalmosc. gynecomastiad. hirsutism
Which of the following terms refers to bulging eyeballs?a. edemab. exophthalmosc. gynecomastiad. hirsutism
Which of the following terms is a symptom of adrenal feminization?a. edemab. exophthalmosc. gynecomastiad. hirsutism
Which of the following terms refers to having an excessive amount of hair?a. edemab. exophthalmosc. gynecomastiad. hirsutism
Addison"s disease is caused by:a. hypersecretion of the adrenal cortexb. hyposecretion of the adrenal cortexc. hyposecretion of the thyroid glandd. hypersecretion of the thyroid gland
Gynecomastia is the: a. development of an excessive amount of hairb. production of excessive urinec. development of breast tissue in a maled. excessive growth of the body
Cushing"s syndrome is caused by: a. hypersecretion of the adrenal cortexb. hyposecretion of the adrenal cortexc. hyposecretion of the thyroid glandd. hypersecretion of the thyroid gland
Which of the following statements regarding insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is NOT true?a. it generally develops early in lifeb. it is also called type 2 diabetes mellitusc. the pancreas does not produce insulind. the patient must take insulin injections
Which of the following is NOT a potential complication of diabetes mellitus?a. peripheral neuropathyb. ketoacidosisc. hirsutismd. retinopathy
Which of the following statements regarding diabetes mellitus is NOT true?a. diabetics experience hyperglycemiab. ketoacidosis is a potentially fatal condition that impacts diabeticsc. diabetics experience glycosuriad. hypoparathyroidism may cause diabetes mellitus
The nerve irritability and muscle cramps that develop as a result of hypoparathyroidism is called:a. tetanyb. acromegalyc. congenital hypothyroidismd. myxedema
Which of the following conditions is caused by hypersecretion of parathyroid hormone?a. Graves" diseaseb. Recklinghausen diseasec. Addison"s diseased. Hashimoto"s disease
Which of the following conditions is characterized by an enlargement of the bones of the head and extremities?a. dwarfismb. congenital hypothyroidismc. acromegalyd. gigantism
Which of the following conditions is characterized by arrested physical and mental development?a. dwarfismb. congenital hypothyroidismc. acromegalyd. gigantism
Diabetes insipidus is caused by:a. excessive antidiuretic hormoneb. insufficient antidiuretic hormonec. excessive thyroid hormoned. insufficient thyroid hormone
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