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Chapter 9 – organic Compounds the Oxygen

Opening Essay

9.1 development to Compounds that Contain Oxygen

9.2 Alcohols and Phenols

Classification that AlcoholsProperties of AlcoholsGlycolsPhenols

9.3 Ethers

Properties that Ethers

9.4 Aldehydes and Ketones

Properties of Aldehydes and KetonesAldehydesKetonesBoiling Points and also SolubilityAldehydes and Ketones in Nature

9.5 Carboxylic Acids and Esters

Properties that Carboxylic Acids and EstersCarboxylic AcidsEstersBoiling Points, melting Points and also SolubilityCommonly used Carboxylic Acids and Esters

9.6 reaction of Oxygen-Containing Compounds

AlcoholsDehydration (Elimination) ReactionsOxidation ReactionsAldehydes and KetonesOxidation ReactionsReduction ReactionsAddition Reactions through Alcohols (Hemiacetals and also Hemiketals)Reactions that form Acetals or KetalsCarboxylic Acids
The acidity of Carboxylic AcidsCarboxylic Acids and also the formation of SaltsFormation the Esters from Carboxylic Acids and also AlcoholsHydrolysis of Esters

9.7 chapter Summary

9.8 References

Opening Essay


Photo By: A. Savin

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9.1 development to Compounds the Contain Oxygen

In this thing you will be introduced to the significant organic functional teams that save oxygen. This contains alcohols, phenols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, and also esters. Figure 9.1 offers the an easy organic functional groups for this compounds and also the IUPAC suffix that is used to name these compounds. When you will not have to formally name finish structures, girlfriend should have the ability to identify useful groups contained within compounds based on their IUPAC names. Because that example, an alcohol is an necessary compound v a hydroxyl (-OH) functional group on an aliphatic carbon atom. Since -OH is the functional group of every alcohols, we often represent alcohols through the general formula ROH, whereby R is an alkyl group. The IUPAC nomenclature guidelines usage the suffix ‘-ol’ come denote simple compounds that contain alcohols. An example is ethanol (CH3CH2OH).

You are watching: Which of these molecules are alcohols? check all that apply.


Figure 9.1 common Organic Functional groups that save on computer Oxygen. The IUPAC suffixes supplied in naming basic organic molecule are detailed in the chart

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9.2 Alcohols and also Phenols

Classification of Alcohols

Some the the properties and also reactivity that alcohols depend on the variety of carbon atoms attached come the details carbon atom the is attached to the -OH group. Alcohols can be grouped right into three great on this basis.

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Properties of Alcohols

Alcohols have the right to be taken into consideration derivatives the water (H2O; additionally written as HOH).

api/deki/files/96038/800px-Phenol-3D-balls.png?revision=1" width="190" height="219" />which of these molecules are alcohols? check all that apply.