Translation is the process by which:an RNA molecule is provided to repair damages to a related DNA molecule.ribosomes check out the indevelopment in a DNA molecule and also use it to synthedimension protein.a area of DNA is provided as indevelopment to generate an RNA molecule.the information in DNA is provided to synthesize a precise copy of that DNA.ribosomes synthedimension protein from indevelopment in an RNA molecule.
You are watching: Whichever dna strand is transcribed, the rna polymerase reads the template strand from 3′ to 5′.
What is the central dogma?DNA is transcribed into protein, which is translated into RNA.RNA is transcribed right into protein, which is analyzed into DNA.RNA is transcribed right into DNA, which is analyzed into protein.DNA is transcribed right into RNA, which is interpreted right into protein.
Muscle cells make different proteins than nerve cells bereason they have actually various sequences of DNA.TrueFalse
Transcription is the process by which:ribosomes read the indevelopment in a DNA molecule and use it to synthesize protein.ribosomes synthesize protein from indevelopment in an RNA molecule.the indevelopment in DNA is used to synthesize a specific copy of that DNA.a section of DNA is used as information to generate an RNA molecule.an RNA molecule is supplied to repair damages to a connected DNA molecule.
In a DNA strand, succeeding nucleotides are connected by:base stackingpeptide bonds3"-5" phosphodiester bondshydrogen bonds2"-5" phosphodiester bonds
Which among the adhering to represents an actual Watson-Crick base pair through the LARGEST variety of hydrogen bonds?thymine and also guaninecytosine and guaninecytosine and thymineadenine and cytosineadenine and also thymine
In double-stranded DNA, the sugar-phosphate backbones are:on the external, separated by grooves of equal dimension.on the exterior, separated by grooves of unequal dimension.on the inside, separated by grooves of unequal size.on the inside, separated by grooves of equal dimension.
Which among the adhering to statements around RNA is INCORRECT?The nucleotide at the 5" end of an RNA molecule is frequently a nucleoside triphosphate.RNA is commonly uncovered in double-stranded develop, just favor DNA.RNA molecules are qualified of evolving their enzymatic activity over time.RNA molecules can develop base pairs within a solitary strand.RNA molecules are commonly shorter than DNA molecules.
In a double-stranded DNA molecule, the strands are said to be antiparallel because:each purine of one strand pairs via a pyrimidine of another.one strand also runs 5" to 3" and also the various other 3" to 5".they wind roughly one an additional.they form an uneven pair of grooves on the outside of molecule.
Which of the adhering to is true about the structure of a double-stranded DNA molecule?The nucleotides in a strand of DNA are organized together by hydrogen bondsThe diameter of a DNA molecule is the exact same along its whole length due to the specific complementary base pairing of the DNA nucleotides.Purine nucleotides constantly develop base pairs via various other purines, and also pyrimidine nucleotides constantly develop base pairs via various other pyrimidines.The nitrogenous bases in one strand are held to the nitrogenous bases of the other strand by phosphodiester bonds.
The diameter of a DNA molecule is the very same alengthy its entire length due to the certain complementary base pairing of the DNA nucleotides
A design template DNA strand also contains the sequence 3"-ATGCTGAC-5". This strand also is transcribed:from left to best.from ideal to left.
A theme strand of DNA is review in the _____ direction in order to straight synthesis of RNA in the _____ direction.5"-3"; 3"-5"3"-5"; 3"-5"5"-3"; 5"-3"3"-5"; 5"-3"
Whichever before DNA strand also is transcribed, the RNA polymerase reads the theme strand also from 3′ to 5′.TrueFalse
In eukaryotes, activator proteins bind to _____; generalized transcription components bind to _____.DNA polymerases; RNA polymerasesenhancers; promoterspromoters; terminatorspromoters; enhancersterminators; RNA polymerases
Which one of the complying with CORRECTLY lists the components necessary for eukaryotic transcription?RNA polymerase, basic transcription determinants, DNA, and DNA nucleotidesribosomes, general transcription factors, DNA, and also DNA nucleotidesribosomes, general transcription components, DNA, and RNA nucleotidesRNA polymerase, general transcription determinants, DNA, and also RNA nucleotides
In eukaryotes, wright here execute basic transcription initiation factors bind?donor splice site5" UTRpromoternear the start codon5" cap
Transcription proceeds until:a transcription element signals the end of the gene.a ribosome pulls RNA polymerase off the DNA.a speak codon is encountered.a terminator sequence is encountered.all bases in the DNA are copied.
Alterindigenous splicing allows for:multiple genes to be supplied to code for a solitary polypeptide chain.different polypeptides to be made from a solitary gene.magnified recognition of an mRNA by a ribosome.raised stcapacity of a mature mRNA.two or more different proteins to be made from a solitary processed mRNA.
Arvariety the steps in RNA splicing in order from earliest to latest.1 - exon ends are covalently joined together2 - components of the spliceosome bind conoffered regions in the intron and also carry them together in cshed proximity3 - acceptor splice website is cut.4 - donor splice website is cut and also the finish of the intron is joined covalently to the branch site2, 4, 3, 13, 2, 4, 12, 3, 1, 43, 4, 1, 23, 1, 2, 4
Why is it that the main transcript in prokaryotes deserve to immediately serve as mRNA while in eukaryotes it undergoes elaborate multistep processing? (Select all that use.)A 5′ cap is included to the prokaryotic primary transcript enabling the ribosome to begin translation instantly. General transcription factors in eukaryotes are unable to enter the nucleus.Prokaryotes execute not have a nuclear envelope and the ribosome deserve to start translation also before transcription ends.Key transcripts in eukaryotes contain introns that have to be rerelocated.All of these selections are correct.
Prokaryotes perform not have actually a nuclear envelope and also the ribosome can start translation even prior to transcription ends.Key transcripts in eukaryotes contain introns that have to be removed.
Alteraboriginal splicing means that:some transcripts are spliced correctly and also others incorrectly.some transcripts are spliced while others are not.various spliced forms contain different combinations of exons.alternating introns are removed.Instructional Guidance: What does splicing refer to?
Which among the following forms of RNAs carries information for making a single form of protein?tiny nuclear RNAribosomal RNAtransfer RNAmessenger RNAsmall interfering RNA
The cap that is added to the RNA during processing: (Select all that apply.)is needed for ribosomes to affix to messenger RNA.aids in the accuracy of translation of the messenger RNA into protein.helps prevent development of complicated three-dimensional frameworks in the messenger RNA.helps proccasion fast breakdown of the messenger RNA.
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is necessary for ribosomes to affix to messenger RNA.helps prevent fast breakdown of the messenger RNA
An intron is: component of an intact, mature mRNA that leaves the nucleus.a polypeptide that is clipped out of a larger protein post-translationally.part of an RNA tranmanuscript that is not present in the DNA layout.an RNA sequence that is rerelocated during the processing of an RNA molecule in the nucleus.a form of transfer RNA.